The oldest building in Riga is the Lutheran Cathedral (Latvian: Rīgas Doms) which was originally built back in 1211, initially as the seat of the Archbishops of Riga and Livonia (modern Latvia and Estonia).
The Cathedral itself is the biggest church in the Baltic Region and it is very old. Every time I pass by it I wonder, how deep down into the earth it was built, but when the Cathedral was built, it was actually on the same level as the streets, but over the centuries the earth’s level has risen for 2-3 meters and now everyone can see the difference of earth levels throughout the centuries.
The square in front of the Cathedral is one of the main squares in Old Town and it has a commemorative plaque to mark that Riga’s Old Town is listed on the UNESCO heritage list.
I like to be in the middle of the square, because many streets start from here, including Pils iela, which connects the square directly with the President Castle, one of the most cinematographic streets of Riga, Jauniela street, one of the narrowest in town, Rozena iela, and many others.