The oldest building in Riga is the Lutheran Cathedral (Latvian: Rīgas Doms) which was originally built back in 1211, initially as the seat of the Archbishops of Riga and Livonia (modern Latvia and Estonia).
The Cathedral itself is the biggest church in the Baltic Region and it is very old. Every time I pass by itб I wonder, how deep down into the earth it was built, but when the Cathedral was built, it was actually on the same level as the streets, but over the centuries the earth’s level has risen for 2-3 meters up and now everyone can see the difference of earth levels throughout the centuries.
The square in front of the Cathedral is one of the main squares in Old Town and it has a commemorative plaque to mark that Riga’s Old Town is listed on the UNESCO heritage list.
I like to be in the middle of the square, because seven streets start from here, including:
Pils iela, which connects the square directly with the President Castle;
one of the most cinematographic streets of Riga, Jauniela street;
one of the narrowest in town, Rozena iela;
Tirgonu iela – the street with nice medieval buildings;
Skunu iela – the most improtant perpendicular street in Old town;
Jekaba iela – street towards Latvian Parliament (Saeima)
Herdera laukums – another small square
Zirgu iela – a street towards the famous house with black cat on top.