Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities (updated 2019)

Alpha++ city New York

Every few years, cities are rated ranked by the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute. It is considered the leading institute ranking world cities.

Cities are ranked into Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities by taking into account many factors; economic factors are deemed more important than cultural or political factors though in this ranking. Alpha cities are the primary nodes in the global economic network.

Here’s a list with the latest data from 2018 (GAWC hasn’t done a study in 2019 yet). Spotted by Locals’ cities (most of “our” 73 cities are in one of the categories) are linked.

Alpha++

Alpha+

No changes here for years: Hong Kong, Beijing, Singapore, Shanghai, Sydney, Paris, Dubai, Tokyo

Alpha

Milan, Chicago, Moscow, Toronto, Sao Paolo, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Madrid, Mexico City, Kuala Lumpur, Seol, Jakarta, Mumbai, Miami, Brussels, Taipei, Guangzhou, Buenos Aires, Zurich, Warsaw, Istanbul, Bangkok, Melbourne

Alpha –

Amsterdam, Stockholm, San Francisco, New Delhi, Santiago, Johannesburg, Dublin, Vienna/Wien, Montreal, Lisbon, Barcelona, Luxembourg, Bogota, Manila, Washington(DC), Prague, Munich, Rome, Riyadh, Budapest, Houston.

Beta+

Ho Chi Minh City, Boston, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Athens, Munich, Atlanta, Bucharest,  BudapestKievHamburg, Bangalore, RomeOslo, Dallas, Cairo, Lima, Auckland, Banglore, Hanoi, Perth, Chengdu, Hangzhou

Beta

Doha, Karachi, Nicosia, Montevideo, BerlinMontreal, Abu Dhabi, Casablanca, Philadelphia, Vancouver, Shenzhen, Sofia, Perth, Hanoi, Beirut, Brisbane, Manama, Oslo, Berlin, Chennai, Brisbane, Casablanca, Kiev, Rio De Janeiro, Lagos, Minneapolis, Kuwait city, Wuhan, Calgary, Cape town

Beta−

Stuttgart, Tunis, Geneva, Almaty, Chongquing, Helsinki, Panama City, Nicosia, Belgrade, Seattle, Suzhao, Port Louis, Monterrey, Bratislava, Manchester, San Jose(CR), Dalian, Dhaka/Jahangir Nagar, Jeddah, Xiamen, Changsha, San Salvador, Quito, San Juan, Shenyang, Qingdao, Kampala, Birmingham, Edinburg, George Town, Jinan, Lyon, Antwerp, Valencia

Gamma+

Guatemala city, Detroit, Lahore, Harare, Colombo, Accra, Riga, Hyderabad (India), Adelaide, Cleveland, Glasgow, Muscat/Ruwi, Osaka, Guayaquil, Xi’an, Rotterdam, Dar, Es Salaam, Zhengzhou, Pune

Gamma

Phoenix, Tegucigalpa, Austin, Calcutta, Porto, Guadalajara, Dalian, Tbilisi, Chongqing, Ankara, Lusaka, Austin, Cincinnati, Asunción, Kunming, Gothenburg, Xiamen, Mosul, Kansas City, Accra, Minsk, Tampa, Turin, Luanda, Abidjan, Tirana, Lausanne, Leeds, St. Louis, St Petersburg, Baku, Hefei, Ahmedabad, Tegucigalpa, Luanda, Ljubljana, Tallinn

Gamma−

Maputo, Cologne, Poznan, Phnom Penh, Fuzhou, Medellin, Wroclaw, Durban, Ottawa, Curitiba, Penang, Nantes, Belo Horizonte, Sacramento, San Antonio, Nashville, Minsk, Johor Bahru, Yangon, Tirana, Milwaukee, Orlando

The GAWC institute also created a very cool graphic of interconnectivity between these world cities from 2010 (PDF, large!)

We have some work to do to find locals and expand to all these cities :)

Last Changed Date: 2016-05-19 11:45:13 +0200 (Thu, 19 May 2016)