Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities (updated 2018)

Alpha++ city New York

Every few years, cities are rated ranked by the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute. It is considered the leading institute ranking world cities.

Cities are ranked into Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities by taking into account many factors; economic factors are deemed more important than cultural or political factors though in this ranking.

Here’s a list with the latest data from 2018 (GAWC hasn’t done a study in 2019 yet). Spotted by Locals’ cities (most of “our” 73 cities are in one of the categories) are linked.

Alpha++ world cities

Alpha+ world cities

No changes here for years: Hong Kong, Beijing, Singapore, Shanghai, Sydney, Paris, Dubai, Tokyo

Alpha world cities

Sydney, Sao Paulo, MilanChicago, Mexico City, Mumbai, MoscowFrankfurtMadrid, Warsaw, Johannesburg, Toronto, Seoul, Istanbul, Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, AmsterdamBrusselsLos Angeles

Alpha− world cities

Dublin, Melbourne, Washington, New Delhi, Bangkok, ZurichVienna, Taipei, Buenos Aires, Stockholm,  San Francisco, Guangzhou, Manila, Bogotá, Miami, Luxembourgh, Riyadh, Santiago, Barcelona, Tel Aviv, Lisbon,

Beta+ world cities

Prague, Ho Chi Minh City, Boston, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Athens, Munich, Atlanta, Bucharest, HelsinkiBudapestKievHamburg, Bangalore, RomeOslo, Dallas, Caïro, Houston, Lima, Lagos, Caracas, Auckland, Capetown

Beta world cities

Doha, Karachi, Nicosia, Geneva, Montevideo, BerlinMontreal, Abu Dhabi, Casablanca, Philadelphia, Vancouver, Shenzhen, Sofia, Perth, Hanoi, Beirut, Brisbane, Bratislava, Manama

Beta− world cities

Port Louis, Minneapolis, Chennai, Stuttgart, Santo Domingo, Rio de Janeiro, Kuwait City, Cheng du, Panama City, Denver, Lahore, Jeddah, Tunis, Quito, BelgradeSeattleManchester, Guatemala City, Lyon, San Jose, Tianjin, Calgary, Amman, San Juan, San Salvador, AntwerpZagreb, Kolkata, Tallinn, St Louis, Monterrey, Hyderabad, Edinburgh, San Diego, CologneRotterdam, Dhaka, Islamabad,

Gamma+ world cities

Guayaquil, Cleveland, Riga, Baku, Adelaide, Vilnius, Birmingham (UK), Glasgow, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Colombo, Porto, Qingdao, Valencia, Detroit,  Muscat, Osaka, Ljubljana, Kampala, Georgetown (CI), Managua, Durban, San Jose (US), St. Petersburg,

Gamma world cities

Phoenix, Tegucigalpa, Austin, Pune, Guadalajara, Dalian, Tbilisi , Dar es Salaam, Chongqing, Ankara, Lusaka, Ahmedabad, Cincinnatti, Asunción, Harare, Gothenburg, Xiamen, Mosul, Kansas City, Accra, Minsk, Tampa, Turin, Luanda, Abidjan, Tirana, Lausanne, Leeds

Gamma− world cities

Taichung, Charlotte, Baltimore, Raleigh, Belfast, Leipzig, Medellín, Wuhan, Duoala, Maputo, Skopje, Gaborone, Bristol, Orlando, Dakar, Suzhou, Malmö, Edmonton, Changsha, Strasbourg, Bilbao, Bologna, Columbus, Wellington, Nuremberg, Yangon, Xi’an, Krakow, Marseille, Dresden, Shenyang, Pittsburgh

The GAWC institute also created a very cool graphic of interconnectivity between these world cities from 2010 (PDF, large!)

We have some work to do to find locals and expand to all these cities :)

Last Changed Date: 2016-05-19 11:45:13 +0200 (Thu, 19 May 2016)