Every few years, cities are rated ranked by the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute. It is considered the leading institute ranking world cities.
Cities are ranked into Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities by taking into account many factors; economic factors are deemed more important than cultural or political factors though in this ranking.
Here’s a list with the latest data from 2012. Spotted by Locals’ cities (most of “our” 61 cities are listed) are linked.
Alpha+ world cities: Hong Kong, Paris, Singapore, Tokyo, Shanghai, Dubai, Sydney, Beijing
Alpha− world cities: Miami, Seoul, Dublin, Jakarta, Melbourne, Buenos Aires, Zurich, New Delhi, Munich, Boston, Warsaw, Vienna, Atlanta, Barcelona, Bangkok, Istanbul, Taipei, Johannesberg, Washington, San Francisco, Stockholm, Prague
Beta+ world cities: Düsseldorf, Dallas, Montreal, Rome, Hamburg, Manila, Houston, Berlin, Athens, Tel Aviv, Bangalore, Copenhagen, Caïro, Budapest, Bucharest, Guangzhou, Lima, Cape Town, Kiev, Luxembourg, Santiago, Lisbon, Philadelphia, Beirut
Beta world cities: Caracas, Bogota, Ho Chi Minh City, Auckland, Oslo, Chennai, Manchester, Karachi, Riyadh, Montevideo, Vancouver, Brisbane, Helsinki, Doha, Casablanca, Stuttgart, Rio de Janeiro, Geneva
Beta− world cities: Abu Dhabi, Nicosia, Lyon, Birmingham (UK), San Jose (CR), Minneapolis, Tunis, Nairobi, Calcutta, Detroit, Hanoi, Denver, Monterrey, Bratislava, Riga, Seattle, Port Louis, Manama, Sofia, Amman, Antwerp, Panama City, San Diego, Quito, Rotterdam, Belgrade, Almaty, Lagos, Perth, Shenzhen, Hyderabad, Kuwait City, Edinburgh, Cleveland, Calgary, Guatemala City
Gamma+ world cities: Bristol, St. Petersburg, Charlotte, Lahore, Baltimore, Jeddah, Zagreb, Adelaide, Durban, Santo Domingo, San Salvador, St Louis, Islamabad, Guayaquil, Cologne, Phoenix, Georgetown (CI), Osaka, Tampa
Gamma world cities: Valencia (SP), Glasgow, San Jose (US), San Juan, Marseille, Cincinnatti, Guadalajara, Leeds, Baku, Tallinn, Vilnius, Colombo, Raleigh, Ankara, Belfast, Milwaukee, Muscat, Ljubljana
Gamma− world cities: Nantes, Tianjin, Accra, Algiers, Gothenburg, Porto, Columbus, Utrecht, Orlando, Ahmedabad, Asuncion, Kansas City, Seville, Turin, Dar Es Salaam, Portland, Krakow, Managua, Pune, Leipzig, Malmö, La Paz
The GAWC institute also created a very cool graphic of interconnectivity between these world cities (PDF, large!).
Because the latest ranking that can be found dates from 2012, we think it’s about time for an update by GAWC – especially many cities in China & India seem to be missing!