Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities (updated 2015)

World Cities (2010)

Every few years, cities are rated ranked by the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute. It is considered the leading institute ranking world cities.

Cities are ranked into Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities by taking into account many factors; economic factors are deemed more important than cultural or political factors though in this ranking.

Here’s a list with the latest data from 2012. Spotted by Locals’ cities (most of “our” 61 cities are listed) are linked.

Alpha++ world cities: London, New York

Alpha+ world cities: Hong Kong, Paris, Singapore, Tokyo, Shanghai, Dubai, Sydney, Beijing

Alpha world cities: Milan, Toronto, Sao Paulo, Madrid, Chicago, Mumbai, Los Angeles, Moscow, Frankfurt, Mexico City, Amsterdam, Kuala Lumpur, Brussels

Alpha− world cities: Miami, Seoul, Dublin, Jakarta, Melbourne, Buenos Aires, Zurich, New Delhi, Munich, Boston, Warsaw, Vienna, Atlanta, Barcelona, Bangkok, Istanbul, Taipei, Johannesberg, WashingtonSan Francisco, Stockholm, Prague

Beta+ world cities: Düsseldorf, Dallas, Montreal, Rome, Hamburg, Manila, Houston, Berlin, Athens, Tel Aviv, Bangalore, Copenhagen, Caïro, Budapest, Bucharest, Guangzhou, Lima, Cape Town, Kiev, Luxembourg, Santiago, Lisbon, Philadelphia, Beirut

Beta world cities: Caracas, Bogota, Ho Chi Minh City, Auckland, Oslo, Chennai, Manchester, Karachi, Riyadh, Montevideo, Vancouver,  Brisbane, Helsinki, Doha, Casablanca, Stuttgart, Rio de Janeiro, Geneva

Beta− world cities: Abu Dhabi, Nicosia, Lyon, Birmingham (UK), San Jose (CR), Minneapolis, Tunis, Nairobi, Calcutta, Detroit, Hanoi, Denver, Monterrey, Bratislava, Riga, Seattle, Port Louis, Manama, Sofia, Amman, Antwerp, Panama City, San Diego, Quito, RotterdamBelgrade, Almaty, Lagos, Perth, Shenzhen, Hyderabad, Kuwait City, Edinburgh, Cleveland, Calgary, Guatemala City

Gamma+ world cities: Bristol, St. Petersburg, Charlotte, Lahore, Baltimore, Jeddah, Zagreb, Adelaide, Durban, Santo Domingo, San Salvador, St Louis, Islamabad, Guayaquil, Cologne, Phoenix, Georgetown (CI), Osaka, Tampa

Gamma world cities: Valencia (SP), Glasgow, San Jose (US), San Juan, Marseille, Cincinnatti, Guadalajara, Leeds, Baku, TallinnVilnius, Colombo, Raleigh, Ankara, Belfast, Milwaukee, Muscat, Ljubljana

Gamma− world cities: Nantes, Tianjin, Accra, Algiers, Gothenburg, Porto, Columbus, Utrecht, Orlando, Ahmedabad, Asuncion, Kansas City, Seville, Turin, Dar Es Salaam, Portland, Krakow, Managua, Pune, Leipzig, Malmö, La Paz

The GAWC institute also created a very cool graphic of interconnectivity between these world cities (PDF, large!).

Because the latest ranking that can be found dates from 2012, we think it’s about time for an update by GAWC – especially many cities in China & India seem to be missing!

Take our tips with you.

Get our 100% offline app now!

For just €3.99/$3.99

App store Play Store
Last Changed Date: 2016-05-19 11:45:13 +0200 (Thu, 19 May 2016)